Dr. Joshua Bratt RVC Dentist

143 N Long Beach Rd, Suite 3, Rockville Centre, NY 11570

Call Us (516) 764-7333 

Call Us (516) 764-7333 

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Understanding Overbite Teeth: Causes, Effects, and Best Treatment Options

Do you ever feel self-conscious about your smile? Have you noticed that your upper teeth overlap your lower teeth more than they should? You might be dealing with an overbite. This common dental issue not only affects the appearance of your smile but can also have lasting consequences on your overall dental health. But fear not—understanding the causes, effects, and best treatment options will set you on the path to a healthy, beautiful smile.


In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the world of overbite teeth, demystify its causes, examine its potential health consequences, and present the best treatment options for various cases. By the end, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge to make informed decisions about your dental health and confidently embark on your journey to a healthy bite.



Key Takeaways

  • Overbite is a type of malocclusion that can lead to dental health issues if left untreated.
  • Early childhood habits and genetic factors are major contributors to jaw growth and overbite development.
  • Orthodontic treatment, such as braces or clear aligners, can help correct the condition while avoiding future health problems.

Demystifying Overbite: Definition and Dental Implications

Illustration of upper teeth protruding over lower teeth



An overbite, a type of malocclusion, occurs when the upper teeth extend past the lower front teeth. While some degree of overlap between the upper and lower teeth is normal, an excessive overbite of greater than 2-3 mm can lead to dental health issues such as:

An untreated overbite not only affects only the teeth, including the possibility of developing buck teeth, but also the overall dental health and facial appearance of an individual.

Orthodontic treatment can be employed to align teeth and resolve an overbite. To correct an overbite, dental treatments may include braces, clear aligners, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition. A dental consultation is needed for an overbite to identify the best treatment.



The Root Causes of Overbite

Overbites may be the result of a combination of genetic predisposition and childhood practices like thumb sucking, pacifier use, and tongue thrusting. These factors can affect jaw growth and tooth alignment, potentially resulting in an overbite.



Childhood Habits and Oral Development

Early childhood habits, such as thumb sucking, pacifier use, and tongue thrusting, can have a significant impact on jaw growth and tooth alignment, potentially resulting in an overbite. For instance, thumb sucking can affect the jaw line of children, leading to misalignment of teeth, also known as malocclusion, and consequently resulting in overbite. Similarly, tongue thrusting during childhood can lead to an overbite as the pressure exerted by the tongue can cause the teeth to move forward, leading to the protrusion of the upper front teeth.


Oral development in children, including the growth of baby teeth, is most critical from birth to five years old. Addressing these habits early can prevent or minimize future dental issues like overbite.



Genetic Factors and Jaw Growth

Genetic predisposition also plays a significant role in overbite development. Studies have indicated that genetics is a dominant factor in the development of overbite, as it is an essential factor in the growth of the maxilla and mandible, which are both involved in jaw development related to overbite. In fact, it is estimated that approximately 74% of overbite cases are attributed to genetic factors.


This means that individuals may be more prone to overbite if their parents, siblings, or other relatives have it. While genetic factors can’t be changed, understanding their role in overbite development can help inform treatment plans and manage expectations.



Recognizing Overbite Symptoms

Photo of overlapping upper and lower teeth



The primary indication of an overbite is the visible overlap of the upper front teeth over the lower front teeth. To gain a preliminary indication of whether you have an overbite, you can smile in the mirror while biting gently. If your lower front teeth are visible for 50% or less of their length when your jaw is fully formed and closed, you may have an overbite and should consult an orthodontist for confirmation.


Orthodontists typically gauge the severity of an overbite on a percentage scale, taking into account the degree of overlap between the upper and lower teeth. Identifying overbite symptoms early promotes effective treatment and helps avoid future dental health problems.



Overbite and Its Health Consequences

Illustration of tooth decay and gum disease



Untreated overbite can lead to various health issues, including:

  • Tooth decay
  • Gum disease
  • Jaw pain
  • Speech impediments

Failure to address an overbite can result in a range of health issues, such as tooth decay, gum disease, jaw pain, and speech impediments. Not treating an overbite can potentially result in lasting damage to the jaw.


Orthodontic treatment for overbite is necessary for long-term oral health, beyond just cosmetic benefits. By seeking timely orthodontic treatment, you can prevent these health issues and enjoy a healthy, confident smile.



Correcting Overbite: A Guide to Orthodontic Treatment

Illustration of traditional braces for overbite correction



For the correction of an overbite, traditional braces may be an option for severe cases, while clear aligners may be suitable for milder cases. Both options require the expertise of an experienced orthodontist to ensure proper treatment planning and execution.



Braces: Traditional Solutions for Severe Overbites

Braces are a proven and effective method for correcting severe overbites. They work by initially straightening and aligning the teeth with an arch wire, and then using elastics or rubber bands to gradually adjust the jawline to the desired position. In severe overbite cases, braces are typically required to be worn for a minimum of two years.


The cost of correcting an overbite with braces is dependent on the specifics of the case and any additional treatments that may be required. Generally, the estimated cost will range from $1,800 to $7,000.



Clear Aligners: Modern Approach for Mild Cases

Clear aligners, such as Invisalign, offer a discreet and modern solution for mild overbite cases. These transparent aligner trays apply gentle and gradual force to move the teeth into the desired position, thereby aligning the bottom teeth with the top and correcting the overbite.


On average, an Invisalign treatment for an overbite typically requires 12 to 24 months to achieve the desired results, depending on the individual case and the expertise of the dentist/orthodontist. The cost of correcting an overbite with Invisalign varies depending on the individual case and the treatment provider. Generally, the price range for Invisalign is between $2,650-$7,000.



The Role of Oral Surgeons in Overbite Correction

Photo of oral surgeon and orthodontist discussing treatment



An oral surgeon may play a part in overbite correction for severe skeletal overbites that need jaw surgery alongside orthodontic treatment. Oral surgeons perform orthognathic (jaw) surgery to address abnormal bite, jaw size discrepancy, and jaw asymmetry, which can assist in correcting moderate to severe jaw misalignment and potentially improve facial aesthetics.


Jaw surgery for severe overbite entails carefully separating the jaws and repositioning them into the desired alignment with the aid of plates and screws. The healing period for the surgery is several months, and improvement in eating, speaking, and breathing can be observed throughout this time. Initial jaw healing usually takes around six weeks, although full healing may take up to 12 weeks.



The Journey to a Healthy Bite: What to Expect

Patients undergoing overbite treatment can expect a personalized treatment plan, regular orthodontic appointments, and gradual improvements in their bite and appearance over time. The duration of overbite correction treatment may vary depending on the severity of the overbite; mild to moderate cases may take a few months to a year to correct, while more severe cases may require treatment for multiple years.


Orthodontic appointments during an overbite correction treatment are generally arranged every 3 to 4 weeks. At each appointment, the orthodontist will perform regular adjustments to the braces or aligners, gradually moving the teeth into the desired position and alignment.




Maintaining Results Post-Treatment

Post-overbite treatment, maintain the results with good oral hygiene and the use of retainers for lasting benefits and a healthy, attractive smile. It is recommended to wear a retainer indefinitely after overbite treatment to maintain the corrected position of the permanent teeth and prevent them from shifting back to their original state.


To maintain optimal oral health in individuals with an overbite, it is recommended to practice good oral hygiene habits and schedule regular visits to the dentist. These measures, combined with retainer use, will help you maintain the results of your overbite treatment and enjoy a healthy, confident smile for years to come.





In conclusion, overbite is a common dental issue that can have significant consequences on your dental health and appearance if left untreated. Understanding the causes, effects, and best treatment options is essential for achieving and maintaining a healthy bite. By seeking the expertise of an orthodontist and following a personalized treatment plan, you can correct your overbite and enjoy a more confident smile.


Don’t let overbite hold you back from living your best life. Take action today, consult with an orthodontist, and embark on your journey to a healthier, more beautiful smile.

Visit our site for more information about Dr Bratt DMD PC and the services we offer.



Frequently Asked Questions

Can you correct an overbite?

Yes, an overbite can be corrected with braces or clear aligners in children, or jaw surgery for adults. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to fix the misalignment and restore natural chewing patterns and enhance appearance.

What causes overbite teeth?

An overbite is usually caused by genetic irregularities, such as the shape and size of the teeth and jawbones. Overbites can also be acquired due to teeth crowding, loss of back teeth, or habits like thumb-sucking or using a pacifier for a prolonged period of time.

Can you correct an overbite naturally?

You cannot correct an overbite naturally, and braces or surgery will be needed. You can, however, prevent some cases of overbite by stopping childhood habits such as thumb sucking, pencil chewing, and overusing dummies for babies.

Is overbite bad for teeth?

Having an overbite can lead to significant damage to the teeth, gums and jaw structure, leading to pain, infection, and increased wear and cracking of the teeth. Additionally, it can make it harder to maintain good oral hygiene, making people more susceptible to cavities and gum disease.

How can I tell if I have an overbite?

You can tell if you have an overbite by smiling in the mirror while biting gently. If your lower front teeth are visible for 50% or less of their length when your jaw is fully formed and closed, you may have an overbite and should consult an orthodontist for confirmation.


Dr Joshua Bratt

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